Patient Education
Our team of specialists and staff believe that informed patients are better equipped to make decisions regarding their health and well being. For your personal use, we have created an extensive patient library covering an array of educational topics. Browse through these diagnoses and treatments to learn more about topics of interest to you. Or, for a more comprehensive search of our entire Web site, enter your term(s) in the search bar provided.

As always, you can contact our office to answer any questions or concerns.
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Our Location
Ear, Nose, and Throat Doctor Brooklyn, NY UPB-Brooklyn ENT at Brooklyn Heights 185 Montague Street 5th Floor Brooklyn,NY 11201 Phone: 718-780-1498 Fax: 718-780-2819 Office Hours Monday: 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM Tuesday: 08:00 AM - 05:00 PM Wednesday: 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM Thursday: 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM Friday: 08:00 AM - 05:30 PM Saturday: Closed Sunday: Closed UPB-Brooklyn ENT at Park Slope 376 6th Avenue  Brooklyn, NY 11215  Phone: 718-499-0940  Fax: 718-499-2912  Office Hours Monday: 08:00 AM - 06:00 PM Tuesday: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM Wednesday: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM Thursday: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM Friday: 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM Saturday: Closed Sunday: Closed UPB-Brooklyn ENT at Central Brooklyn 470 Clarkson Ave, Suite H Brooklyn,NY 11203 Phone: 718 - 270-4701 Fax: 718 - 270-1599 Office Hours Monday: 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM Tuesday: 08:00 AM - 06:00 PM Wednesday: 08:00 AM - 04:00 PM Thursday: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM Friday: 09:00 AM - 05:00 PM Saturday: Closed Sunday: Closed UPB-Brooklyn ENT Audiology Division and Hearing Aid Services 185 Montague Street 5th Floor Brooklyn, NY  11201 Phone: 718-780-1755 UPB-Brooklyn ENT at Park Slope 376 6th Avenue  Brooklyn, NY 11215  Phone: 718-499-0940  Fax: 718-499-2912   Click here for door to door driving directions Appointments We know you have many choices when choosing an Otolaryngologist in Brooklyn, NY, so we have made requesting an appointment a simple process via our Web site...

Our Services
From sore throats and earaches to sinusitis or hearing loss, Brooklyn ENT is equipped to handle all your otolaryngology needs...

Our Doctors
...  In addition to providing top-notch, state-of-the-art clinical care, our doctors teach medical students, train resident physicians, and publish research that sets new standards for ear, nose ,and throat care...

Welcome to Our Blog
...  Our blog was designed to provide you with valuable ear, nose and throat information, the latest otolaryngology developments and health advice from our dedicated team...

Meet Our Doctors
...Rosenfeld has been providing ear, nose, and throat (ENT) care in Brooklyn since 1992 and is widely recognized as an international authority on children's health...

Meet Our Doctors
... "Do your Throat Symptoms Impact Your Daily Life...

Meet Our Doctors
...After completion of his residency, he was on staff at Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital for two years before completing a fellowship in Otology/Neurotology at The EAR Foundation/Otology Group in Nashville, Tennessee...

John P Weigand
...Weigand completed his practicum training at the Manhattan Eye, Ear & Throat Hospital and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center...

About Us
Who We Are The ear, nose and throat specialists (otolaryngologists) at Brooklyn ENT are pleased to welcome you to our practice...

Media
Do Your Throat Symptoms Impact Your Daily Life...

Meet Our Doctors
...Emphasizing a patient-centered approach, his practice will provide medical and surgical treatment options for adult and pediatric ear, nose and throat issues with a focus on voice and swallowing, complex airway management, nasal and sinus surgery, sialoendoscopy, thyroid surgery and the treatment of sleep disordered breathing...

Dr. Plum
...Plum’s clinical interests are in the management of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders in Children with a specific focus on disorders of the Pediatric Airway, chronic ear disease, and Pediatric Hearing loss...

Throat
Aging and Swallowing Aspiration Cricopharyngeal Muscle Dysfunction Dysphagia GERD and LPR Hoarseness Salivary Gland Disorders Sore Throats Spasmodic Dysphonia Tonsillitis Tonsils and Adenoids Vocal Cord Paralysis Voice Box (Laryngeal) Cancer Zenker’s Diverticulum

Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate
...The team may include: an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist (or otolaryngologist), plastic surgeon, oral surgeon, speech pathologist, pediatric dentist, orthodontist, audiologist, geneticist, pediatrician, nutritionist, and psychologist/social worker...

Nasal Fractures
... If you suspect your nose may be broken, you should see an ENT (ears, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, within one week of the injury...

Dysgeusia
...Impaired taste can take many forms, including: Hypogeusia, which is a reduced or diminished sense of taste Ageusia, which is a complete loss of taste Aliageusia, when a typically pleasant-tasting food or drink begins to taste unpleasant Phantogeusia, which refers to tasting something that is not actually there, or hallucinating a particular taste The tongue and throat have many taste receptors...

Deviated Septum
... Discuss your symptoms and any known nose damage or surgeries with your primary care provider or an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Geriatric Rhinitis
...However, there are special considerations for senior patients, and symptoms of geriatric rhinitis may include: Constant feeling of nasal drainage Chronic or uncontrolled need to clear the throat of mucus Sense of nasal obstruction, most often while lying down Nasal crusting, especially during winter and in patients taking diuretics Vague facial pressure Decreased sense of smell and taste What Causes Geriatric Rhinitis...

Hyposmia and Anosmia
... Loss of smell is a health condition that should be evaluated and treated by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Nosebleeds
...Common symptoms can include: Anterior nosebleeds begin with a flow of blood out one or both nostrils Posterior nosebleeds can begin further back in the nose and may flow down the throat What Causes a Nosebleed...

Post-Nasal Drip
Glands in your nose and throat continually produce mucus, normally one to two quarts per day...

Sinus Headaches
...For example, many patients visit an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, to seek treatment for what they think is a sinus headache, only to learn they actually have a migraine or tension headache...

Sinusitis
...Your primary care provider or an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, can help sort out what type of sinusitis you have and how to treat it...

Rhinitis
...A qualified ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, can provide a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment for your nasal/sinus condition...

Turbinate Hypertrophy
...First, discuss your symptoms with your primary care physician or an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Aging and Swallowing
...Changes in the tongue, upper throat (pharynx), vocal cords and voice box (larynx), and lower throat (esophagus) occur with aging...

Aspiration
... When swallowing becomes difficult, or the sensation of your throat or voice box becomes impaired, anything that passes through your mouth can get into your lungs, even saliva, which is full of bacteria...

Cricopharyngeal Muscle Dysfunction
If the cricopharyngeal muscle (CPM) in your throat malfunctions or is impaired, this can cause you to have difficulty swallowing...

Dysphagia
...If swallowing is difficult on a regular basis, you should see an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

GERD and LPR
Acid reflux occurs when acidic stomach contents flow back into the esophagus, the swallowing tube that leads from the back of the throat to the stomach...

Hoarseness
... If you have any of these symptoms for hoarseness, you should see an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, as soon as you can: Hoarseness that lasts more than four weeks, especially if you smoke Severe changes in voice lasting more than a few days Voice changes, such as raspy, strained, breathy, weak, higher or lower in pitch, inconsistent, fatigued, or shaky voice Difficult breathing Pain when speaking Vocal professionals (singer, teacher, public speaker) who cannot do their job What Causes Hoarseness...

Salivary Gland Disorders
...There are also many tiny, minor salivary glands located along the lips, inside the cheek, mouth, and throat...

Sore Throats
Everybody gets a sore throat now and then...

Spasmodic Dysphonia
... Generally, an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, and a speech language pathologist will perform a comprehensive exam, including a review of the patient’s medical history and symptoms and a visualization of vocal fold movement using a special camera called a flexible laryngoscope through the nose...

Tonsillitis
Tonsillitis, also described as pharyngitis, refers to inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils, which are lymph glands located in the back of the throat that are visible through the mouth...

Tonsils and Adenoids
Tonsils are the two round lumps in the back of your throat...

Vocal Cord Paralysis
... Symptoms of paralysis and paresis of the vocal cords can include: Voice changes—Hoarseness, breathy voice, weak voice, gurgling quality to the voice, shortness of breath after speaking Airway problems—Shortness of breath with efforts, noisy breathing, unsuccessful cough Swallowing problems—Choking or coughing when swallowing food, drink, or saliva, and food sticking in throat These symptoms can be mild to severe depending on the degree of paralysis, and the ability of your voice box to adapt...

Voice Box (Laryngeal) Cancer
... Signs and symptoms of laryngeal cancer include: Worsening or persistent hoarseness Difficulty swallowing Persistent sore throat or pain with swallowing Difficulty breathing Pain in the ear Lump in the neck Coughing up blood Anyone with these signs or symptoms should be evaluated by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Zenker’s Diverticulum
A Zenker’s diverticulum (ZD) is a rare condition where an “outpouching” occurs where your throat meets your esophagus, the swallowing pipe that leads into your stomach...

Goiter
...Discuss any possible symptoms or concerns you may have with your primary care provider, an endocrinologist, or an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Hyperthyroidism
...Discuss any possible symptoms or concerns you may have with your primary care provider, an endocrinologist, or an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Pediatric Thyroid Cancer
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the throat...

Thyroid Nodules
... Your endocrinologist or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, may order or perform: Thyroid function tests, including thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) Blood tests, or radiology examination An ultrasound to see the size and appearance of the nodule A fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, which is a safe, relatively painless procedure...

Pediatric Sleep-disordered Breathing
...Overweight children are at increased risk for SDB because fat deposits around the neck and throat can also narrow the airway...

Snoring, Sleeping Disorders and Sleep Apnea
... Symptoms associated with OSA can include: Loud snoring Pauses in breathing during sleep Waking up gasping or choking Waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat Daytime sleepiness or fatigue Frequent nighttime urination Morning headache Irritability, mood changes, depression, difficulty concentrating High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, or other cardiac issues What Causes OSA...

Ankyloglossia (Tongue-tie)
...When tongue movement is restricted, evaluation by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, may be necessary to check for ankyloglossia or other conditions that can affect oral and tongue function...

Pediatric Hearing Loss
...In addition to an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, children with permanent hearing loss should be seen by other specialists, including an eye doctor (ophthalmologist) and in some cases, a heart doctor (cardiologist) and a genetics doctor...

Pediatric Sinusitis
... The following symptoms may indicate a sinus infection in your child: A cold lasting more than 10 to 14 days Low- or even high-grade fever Thick yellow-green nasal drainage for at least three days in a row Post-nasal drip, sometimes with sore throat, cough, bad breath, nausea and/or vomiting Headache, usually in children age six or older Irritability or fatigue Swelling around the eyes What Causes Pediatric Sinusitis...

Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Acid reflux occurs when acidic stomach contents flow back into the esophagus, the swallowing tube that leads from the back of the throat to the stomach...

Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease
...A multidisciplinary team approach between an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, an audiologist, and a rheumatologist is recommended to manage the condition...

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
...After a thorough examination of your ears, nose, throat, and neck, the doctor will perform a test on you that is called a Dix-Hallpike Maneuver...

Cholesteatoma
... Cholesteatoma may cause these symptoms: Hearing loss Ear drainage, often with a bad smell  Recurrent ear infections Sensation of ear fullness Dizziness Facial muscle weakness on the side of the infected ear Ear ache/pain If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, as soon as possible...

Conductive Hearing Loss
... If you are experiencing hearing loss, you should see an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, who can make a specific diagnosis for you, and talk to you about treatment options, including surgical procedures...

Earaches
... A variety of problems can cause earaches in children and adults: Middle ear infection (called acute otitis media) Swimmer’s ear (called otitis externa) Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction or jaw joint pain Eustachian tube dysfunction Inflammation of the outer ear (called chondritis) Cotton swab use Throat infection Throat cancer (rarely) What Causes Earaches in Children...

Ears and Altitude (Barotrauma)
... If your ears fail to open, or if you are experiencing persistent pain in your ears, seek the help of an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Earwax (Cerumen Impaction)
...This is most often performed by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, using suction or special miniature instruments, and a microscope to magnify the ear canal...

Hyperacusis
... If you think you or a loved one may have hyperacusis, you should seek an evaluation by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Ménière’s Disease
...Treatment options include: A low salt diet and a diuretic (water pill) Anti-vertigo medications (used to stop acute attacks) Intratympanic injection with either dexamethasone or gentamicin Surgery Your ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, will help you choose the treatment that is best for you, as each has advantages and drawbacks...

Otosclerosis
... Because many symptoms seen with otosclerosis can be caused by other medical or ear-related conditions, it’s important to be examined by an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist...

Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL)
...Other causes may include: Sudden hearing loss—caused by a virus; you should see an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, for urgent treatment that could help recover some hearing Aging—gradual SNHL that cannot be reversed (most common) Acoustic trauma—exposure to loud noises (e...

Swimmer's Ear
...Your primary care provider or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, will prescribe treatment to reduce your pain and to treat the infection...

Tinnitus
...Prior to any treatment, it is important to undergo a thorough examination and evaluation by an ENT (ears, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, and an audiologist...

Vestibular Schwannoma
...Weighing these factors requires a thorough discussion with your ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, and often referral to additional specialists in neurotology, neurosurgery, and/or radiation-oncology...

Bell's Palsy
... Your primary care provider, or ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, may prescribe antiviral drugs in addition to oral steroids...

Fine Needle Aspiration
...So, play it safe! If you have a lump in your head and neck area, see your ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, as soon as possible for an evaluation...

Head and Neck Cancer
...But a lump(s) in the neck can be the first sign of cancer of the mouth, throat, voice box (larynx), thyroid gland, salivary glands, or of certain lymphomas and blood cancers...

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
...Many different subtypes of the virus exist, and it usually affects the throat or the reproductive tract...

Neck Mass in Adults
... Common symptoms in patients with a neck mass at higher risk for cancer (see “What Causes a Neck Mass” below) include: The mass lasts longer than two to three weeks The mass gets larger The mass gets smaller but does not completely go away Voice change Trouble or pain with swallowing Trouble hearing or ear pain on the same side as the neck mass Neck or throat pain Unexplained weight loss Nasal blockage in one side of the nose Breathing difficulty Bleeding from nose and oral cavity Coughing up blood Skin lesion on the face or scalp that is growing or changing color What Causes a Neck Mass...

Sialadenitis
... An ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, may diagnose Sjogren’s syndrome based on persistent symptoms of dry eyes and/or mouth, parotid gland enlargement, and abnormal blood test results...

Skin Cancer
... Skin sores that do not heal A scar-like bump that was not caused by injury or trauma If you notice any of the factors listed above, see your primary care provider, or an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, right away...

Temporo-Mandibular Joint (TMJ) Pain
...Many patients see an ENT (ear, nose, and throat) specialist, or otolaryngologist, convinced that their pain is from an ear infection...

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